Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence uses computers and machines to mimic problem-solving and decision-making skills in the human mind. It is a science and technology for creating intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. This involves a similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI does not have to be limited to biologically observable methods.
It is a versatile tool that empowers people to rethink how they integrate information, analyse data, and use the knowledge gained to improve decision-making, and it is already transforming every walk of life. Despite its widespread unfamiliarity, our goal with this comprehensive overview is to explain AI to a wide range of policymakers, opinion leaders, and interested observers, and to show how AI is already changing the world and raising important questions about society, the economy, and governance.
Algorithms in AI are programmed to make decisions based on real-time data. They differ from passive machines, which can only respond in mechanical or predetermined ways. They combine information from various sources using sensors, digital data, or remote inputs, instantly analyze the material and act on the insights derived from that data. They are capable of tremendous sophistication in analysis and decision-making due to massive improvements in storage systems, processing speeds, and analytic techniques. It is typically used in conjunction with machine learning and data analytics. Machine learning examines data for underlying trends. If it detects something relevant to a practical problem, software designers can use that information to analyze specific issues. All that is required is data that is robust enough for algorithms to detect useful patterns.
Artificial intelligence is already changing the world and posing significant challenges to society, the economy, and governance. AI is not only a futuristic vision, but rather something that is already being integrated and deployed in a variety of industries. Finance, national security, health care, criminal justice, transportation, and smart cities are examples of such fields. There are many examples of how AI is already having a significant impact on the world and empowering humans.